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Alex83

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    Alex83 reacted to jock in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    I did some tests yesterday using audacious and had no issues with lagging or stuttering, although pulseaudio is taking an insane amount of cpu processing power (around 20% of one cpu); using ALSA directly, decoding and playing a vorbis file just requires 4% of one core. Youtube instead is out of reach, no way to watch a video even in low quality (480p) without having audio and video issues.
    I'd like to try armsoc driver sooner or later to see if there is any difference from current modesetting driver, but the SoC is too limited to do video decoding without using the hardware acceleration to ease the work of the ARM cores.
  2. Like
    Alex83 reacted to jock in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    You can change status="disabled" into status="okay" from your HK1 device tree to activate the emmc node. Then recompile dtb, reboot and it should work.
    Or, as you said, remove the hs200 from all the 3229 dtbs and try them all.
     
    edit: I'm going to upload refreshed Armbian images without the hs200 line later, also because Focal now has been released and  contains official packages.
     
     
     
  3. Like
    Alex83 reacted to Maker39 in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    "You can change status="disabled" into status="okay" from your HK1 device tree to activate the emmc node. "
    Then recompile dtb, reboot and it should work."
    Yes, it work !
    Now i boot from sd and move system to eMMC.
    System started and loaded succesfully .
     
    ps Maybe because of these settings the image recorded by Multitool did not load?
  4. Like
    Alex83 reacted to fabiobassa in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    @paulml

    your board is a 3228b with 1 giga ram and nand 
    1) once more , and unfortunately at the moment , your board has a nand storage
    2) as long as you run by sd card and SKIP the approach to flash internal storage ( since it is nand) everything will be ok
    3) simply don't touch internal android installation and run from sd, for the moment

    tool for manage even nand is on the way :-)
     
  5. Like
    Alex83 reacted to jock in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    Hello. Yes, there should be the chance to boot from USB stick.
     
    First I want to apologize because after a recent discovery I get aware that doing rkdeveloptool ef on a NAND device also removes the bootloader. Due to the NAND peculiarities, tooling around with that piece of software makes further restore of the firmware very difficult.
     
    I just updated the first post with new instructions, there is the Jump Start procedure for those who own a box with NAND flash that will install the bootloader into NAND to let SD Card and USB stick boot. You may give it a chance.
  6. Like
    Alex83 reacted to jock in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    @MMarcio @nokirunner
    Here we are, here there is the first version of the Multitool.
    That's an image to burn on an sd card: plug it into the tvbox and it will boot allowing backup, restore, erase and image burn on the internal eMMC.
    To burn armbian/libreelec images directly to internal eMMC memory, place the compressed images into images folder of the sdcard and use the relative function of the Multitool. Any feedback is welcome!
     
    @Mark Khevin Rogacion I'm sorry but your box is unlucky to have a NAND chip instead of more common eMMC memory. Since there are no open drivers for rockchip nand, there are limited functionalities (like no kernel/uboot updates) and putting the rootfs on the NAND still require manual working. Me and @fabiobassa are working on a way to let armbian installation work the best, but at the moment you should stick to external sdcard.
  7. Like
    Alex83 reacted to fabiobassa in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    hello @Mark Khevin Rogacion and ty for joining in this adventure
    Yes you right because your 329q has a nand and not an mmc

    But
    @jock is actively and strongly working on a simple tool that in future will avoid all this mis-confusing due to different commercial names . So kindly wait just some little time that the new tool will be perfectly functional
  8. Like
    Alex83 reacted to jock in CSC Armbian for RK322x TV box boards   
    DISCLAIMERS (PLEASE READ):
    Everything you can find in this thread (binaries, texts, code snippets, etc...) are provided AS-IS and are not part of official Armbian project. For this reason not people from Armbian project nor myself are responsible for misuse or loss of functionality of hardware. THIS POST explains very well the troubles with TV Boxes and why they are not suitable for everyone Please don't ask about support or assistance in other non-community forums nor in the official Armbian github repository, instead post your questions in this thread, in the TV Boxes forum section (hardware related) or in the Peer-to-peer support section (general linux/software related).  
    Following the recent thread on LibreElec forum about an unofficial image for rk3229 devices, I would like to make public the work made by me and @fabiobassa about bringing rk322x support to armbian.
    The project is now in -> mainline Armbian <- development fork -> here <-
     
    This first page and the last 3 or 4 pages of the thread are enough to get up to date with recent developments.
    Many useful experiences are scattered through the thread, but the most important things are collected here in the first page, so please read it carefully!
     
    Mainline kernel is fully supported and will receive most support in the future. Legacy kernel 4.4 is deprecated, but is kept around only for special purposes.
     
    What works:
    Should boot and work flawlessy on all boards with RK3228a, RK3228b and RK3229, with either DDR2 and DDR3 memories. Mainline u-boot Proprietary OPTEE provided as Trusted Execution Environment (needed for DRAM frequency scaling) All 4 cores are working Ethernet Serial UART (configured at 115200 bps, not 1.5Mbps!) Thermals, CPU and DRAM frequency scaling OTG USB 2.0 port (also as boot device!) EHCI/OHCI USB 2.0 ports MMC subsystem (including eMMC, SD and sdio devices) Hardware video acceleration NAND is available only on legacy kernel. To fully boot from NAND, use the Multitool and its steP-nand installation (instructions are below) Various WIFI over SDIO are supported (SSV6051P, SSV6256P, ESP8089, Realtek chips, etc...), ssv6256p driver is available only on legacy kernel Full GPU acceleration U-boot boot order priority: first the sdcard, then the USB OTG port and eventually the internal eMMC; you can install u-boot (and the whole system) in the internal eMMC and u-boot will always check for images on external sdcard/USB first.  
    Unbrick:
    Technically, rockchip devices cannot be bricked. If the internal flash does not contain a bootable system, they will always boot from the sdcard. If, for a reason, the bootable system on the internal flash is corrupted or is unable to boot correctly, you can always force the maskrom mode shorting the eMMC clock pin on the PCB. Here there is the procedure, but you can also google around if you get stuck on a faulty bootloader, the technique is pretty simple and requires a simple screwdriver.
     
    There are however some unfortunate cases (expecially newer boards) where shorting the eMMC clock pin is difficult or impossibile, like eMMC or eMCP BGA chips with no exposed pins. In those cases pay double attention when burning something on the internal eMMC/eMCP and always test first the image from the sdcard to be sure it works before burning anything on eMMC/eMCP.
     
    Some useful links with pins, pads or procedures for some boards:
    Generic procedure for boards with non-BGA eMMC MXQPRO_V71 - eMCP H20 - eMCP ZQ01 - eMCP  
    NAND vs eMMC vs eMCP difference:
    RK3228 and RK3229 tv boxes comes with three different flash memory chips: eMMC, NAND and eMCP.
    It does not depend upon the market name of the tv box and neither the internal board; manufacturers put whatever they find cheaper when they buy the components.
     
    NAND chip is just the non-volatile memory eMMC chip contains both the non-volatile memory plus a controller. eMCP chip contains the non-volatile memory, a controller for the non-volatile memory (like eMMC), but also contains a bank of DDR SDRAM memory on the same physical chip.  
    The difference is very important, because eMMC and eMCP are far easier to support at various levels: the controller deals with the physical characteristics of the non-volatile memory, so the software has no to deal with.
    NAND chips instead are harder to support, because the software is required to deal with the physical characteristics and non-standard things that depends upon the NAND manufacturer.
     
    If you have a NAND chips you're unlucky because mainline kernel currently cannot access it, but also because you need special care and instructions explained later.
     
    You can discover if you have a NAND, eMMC or eMCP chip looking on the board are reading the signature on the flash memory chip.
    The Multitool (see later) also can detect which chip you have onboard: the program will warn you at startup if you have a NAND chip.
     
    NAND bootloader upgrade:
    IMPORTANT: don't do this is you have an eMMC or eMCP; skip this paragraph if you are unsure too!
    For very expert people who are having issues when (re)booting images, there is the chance to upgrade the bootloader on NAND.
    The NAND bootloader is nothing else than a regular idbloader (see official rockchip documentation) but contains some bits to correctly access the data on your flash memory.
    Upgrading requires to erase the existing flash content, in the worst case will require you to follow the Unbrick procedure above or restore an older but more compatible bootloader.
    If you are not mentally ready to overcome possible further issues, don't do this!
     
    The detailed instructions and the binaries are available at this post
     
    Multimedia:
    Mainline kernel: 3D acceleration is provided by Lima driver and is already enabled. Hardware video decoding: https://forum.armbian.com/topic/19258-testing-hardware-video-decoding-rockchip-allwinner/ Deprecated legacy kernel: multimedia features, like OpenGL/OpenGL ES acceleration, hardware accelerated Kodi, ffmpeg and mpv you can take a look to this post An effective tutorial from @Hai Nguyen on how to configure a box as a hi-quality music player using an USB audio card, and controlling it via remote control is available in this post  
    Brief explanation about kernel naming:
    current kernel is the mainline LTS kernel version, most maintained and tested. This is the suggested version for production devices. If you don't know what to pick, pick this. legacy kernel (version 4.4) is provided by manufacturer; it is deprecated, unmaintained and not suggested. edge kernel is the development mainline kernel version, with experimental features and drivers; usually stable but perhaps suitable for production devices.  
    You can switch from one kernel flavour to another using armbian-config or manually via apt.
     
    Installation (via SD card):
    Building:
    You can build your own image follow the common steps to build armbian for other tv boxes devices: when you are in the moment to choose the target board, switch to CSC/TVB/EOL boards and select "rk322x-box" from the list.
     
    Download prebuilt images from the following links:
    Archive builds (GPG-signed) - https://imola.armbian.com/dl/rk322x-box/archive/ SUGGESTED - Nightly built from trunk each week by Armbian servers (GPG-signed) - https://github.com/armbian/community Old images provided by me (unsigned and outdated) - https://users.armbian.com/jock/rk322x/armbian/stable  
    Archived/older images:
    https://armbian.hosthatch.com/archive/rk322x-box/archive/
     
    Multitool:
    The Multitool is a small but powerful tool to do quick backup/restore of internal flash, but also burn images and general system rescue and maintenance via terminal or SSH.
    Compressed images will be uncompressed on fly.
    Multitool - A small but powerful image for RK322x TV Box maintenance (instructions to access via network here)  
    Quick installation instructions on eMMC:
    Build or download your preferred Armbian image and a copy of the Multitool; Burn the Multitool on an SD card; once done, place the Armbian image in images folder of the SD card NTFS partition; Plug the SD card in the TV box and plug in the power cord. After some seconds the blue led starts blinking and the Multitool appears; OPTIONAL: you can do a backup of the existing firmware with "Backup flash" menu option; Choose "Burn image to flash" from the menu, then select the destination device (usually mmcblk2) and the image to burn; Wait for the process to complete, then choose "Shutdown" from main menu; Unplug the power cord and the SD card, then replug the power cord; Wait for 10 seconds, then the led should start blinking and HDMI will turn on. The first time the boot process will take a couple of minutes or more because the filesystem is going to be resized, so be patient and wait for the login prompt. On first boot you will be asked for entering a password for root user of your choice and the name and password for a regular user Run sudo rk322x-config and select your board characteristics to enable leds, wifi chips, high-speed eMMC, etc... Run sudo armbian-config to configure timezone, locales and other personal options Congratulations, Armbian is now installed and configured!  
    Despite the procedure above is simple and reliable, I always recommend to first test that your device boots Armbian images from SD Card.
    Due to the really large hardware variety, there is the rare chance that the images proposed here may not boot. If a bad image is burned in eMMC, the box may not boot anymore forcing you to follow the unbrick section at the top of this post.
     
    Quick installation instructions on NAND:
    Build or download your preferred Armbian image and a copy of the Multitool; Burn the Multitool on an SD card; once done, place the Armbian legacy kernel image in images folder of the SD card NTFS partition; Plug the SD card in the TV box and plug in the power cord. After some seconds the blue led starts blinking and the Multitool appears; OPTIONAL: you can do a backup of the existing firmware with "Backup flash" menu option; Choose "Burn Armbian image via steP-nand" from the menu, then select the destination device (usually rknand0) and the image to burn; Wait for the process to complete, then choose "Shutdown" from main menu; Unplug the power cord and the SD card, then replug the power cord; Wait for 10 seconds, then the led should start blinking and HDMI will turn on. The first time the boot process will take a couple of minutes or more because the filesystem is going to be resized, so be patient and wait for the login prompt. On first boot you will be asked for entering a password for root user of your choice and the name and password for a regular user Run sudo rk322x-config and select your board characteristics to enable leds, wifi chips, etc... Run armbian-config to configure timezone, locales and other personal options Congratulations, Armbian is now installed!  
    Alternative: you can install the bootloader in NAND and let it boot from SD Card or USB:
    Download a copy of the Multitool and burn it on an SD card; Plug the SD card in the TV box and plug in the power cord. After some seconds the blue led starts blinking and the Multitool appears; RECOMMENDED: make a backup of the existing firmware with "Backup flash" menu option; Choose "Install Jump Start for Armbian" menu option: the Jump Start uses the internal NAND to boot from external SD Card or external USB Stick; Follow the general instructions to boot from SD Card below, skip the first erase eMMC step.  
    Quick installation instructions to boot from SD Card:
    If you are already running Armbian from eMMC, skip to the next step. Instead if you are running the original firmware you need to first erase the internal eMMC; to do so download the Multitool, burn it on an SD Card, plug the SD Card and power the TV Box. Use "Backup flash" if you want to do a backup of the existing firmware, then choose "Erase flash" menu option. Build or download your preferred Armbian image; Uncompress and burn the Armbian image on the SD Card; Plug the SD Card in the TV Box and power it on; Wait for 10 seconds, then the led should start blinking and HDMI will turn on. The first time the boot process will take a couple of minutes or more because the filesystem is going to be resized, so be patient and wait for the login prompt; On first boot you will be asked for entering a password for root user of your choice and the name and password for a regular user Run sudo rk322x-config and select your board characteristics to enable leds, wifi chips, high-speed eMMC or NAND, etc... Run armbian-config to configure timezone, locales and other personal options, or also to transfer the SD Card installation to internal eMMC; Congratulations, Armbian is running from SD Card!  
    A note about boot device order:
    With Armbian also comes mainline U-boot. If you install Armbian or just the bootloader in the eMMC or the Jump Start on internal NAND, the bootloader will look for valid bootable images in this order:
    External SD Card External USB Stick in OTG Port Internal eMMC  
    Installation (without SD card, board with eMMC)
    If you have no sd card slot and your board has an eMMC, you can burn the armbian image directly on the internal eMMC using rkdeveloptool and a male-to-male USB cable:
     
    Download your preferred Armbian image from Armbian download page and decompress it. Download the rk322x bootloader: rk322x_loader_v1.10.238_256.bin Download a copy of rkdeveloptool: a compiled binary is available in the official rockchip-linux rkbin github repository. Unplug the power cord from the tv box Plug an end of an USB Male-to-male cable into the OTG port (normally it is the lone USB port on the same side of the Ethernet, HDMI, analog AV connectors) while pressing the reset microbutton with a toothpick. You can find the reset microbutton in a hole in the back of the box, but sometimes it is hidden into the AV analog jack Plug the other end of the USB Male-to-male cable into an USB port of your computer If everything went well, run lsusb: you should see a device with ID 2207:320b Run sudo rkdeveloptool rd 3 (if this fails don't worry and proceed to next step) Run sudo rkdeveloptool db rk322x_loader_v1.10.238_256.bin Run sudo rkdeveloptool wl 0x0 image.img (change image.img this with the real Armbian image filename) Unplug the power cord Done!  
    Installation (without SD card, board with NAND)
    If you are in the unfortunate case you can't use an SD card for installation and your board has a NAND chip, you still have an option to use the quick Multitool installation steps via USB.
     
    Obtain a copy of rkdeveloptool: a compiled binary is available in the official rockchip-linux rkbin github repository. Unplug the power cord from the tv box Plug an end of an USB Male-to-male cable into the OTG port (normally it is the lone USB port on the same side of the Ethernet, HDMI, analog AV connectors) while pressing the reset microbutton with a toothpick. You can find the reset microbutton in a hole in the back of the box, but sometimes it is hidden into the AV analog jack Plug the other end of the USB Male-to-male cable into an USB port of your computer If everyting went well, using lsusb you should see a device with ID 2207:320b Run sudo rkdeveloptool wl 0x4000 u-boot-main.img (download u-boot-main.img.xz , don't forget to decompress it!) Unplug the power cord  
    Now you can follow the instructions on how to install on eMMC/NAND via SD card, just use instead an USB stick to do all the operations and plug it into the USB OTG port. Once you reboot, USB OTG port will be used as a boot device.
     
    NOTE: NAND users without SD slot may be unhappy to know that it will be difficult to do extra maintenance with Multitool in case something breaks in the installed Armbian system: installing u-boot-main.img makes the installed system unbootable because it is missing the NAND driver.
     
     
    Alternative backup, restore and erase flash for EXPERTS:
    These backup, restore and erase flash procedures are for experts only. They are kept here mostly for reference, since the Multitool is perfectly able to do same from a very comfy interface and is the suggested way to do maintenance.
     
    Backup:
    Obtain a copy of rkdeveloptool: a compiled binary is available in the official rockchip-linux rkbin github repository. If you prefer, you can compile it yourself from the sources available at official rockchip repository Unplug the power cord from the tv box Plug an end of an USB Male-to-male cable into the OTG port (normally it is the lone USB port on the same side of the Ethernet, HDMI, analog AV connectors) while pressing the reset microbutton with a toothpick. You can find the reset microbutton in a hole in the back of the box, but sometimes it is hidden into the AV analog jack Plug the other end of the USB Male-to-male cable into an USB port of your computer If everyting went well, using lsusb you should see a device with ID 2207:320b change directory and move into rkbin/tools directory, run ./rkdeveloptool rfi then take note of the FLASH SIZE megabytes (my eMMC is 8Gb, rkdeveloptool reports 7393 megabytes) run ./rkdeveloptool rl 0x0 $((FLASH_SIZE * 2048)) backup.data (change FLASH_SIZE with the value you obtained the step before) once done, the internal eMMC is backed up to backup.data file  
    Restore: first we have to restore the original bootloader, then restore the original firmware.
    Running rkdeveloptool with these switches will accomplish both the jobs:
    ./rkdeveloptool db rk322x_loader_v1.10.238_256.bin Downloading bootloader succeeded. ./rkdeveloptool ul rk322x_loader_v1.10.238_256.bin Upgrading loader succeeded. ./rkdeveloptool wl 0x0 backup.data Write LBA from file (100%) Download here:
     
    Erase the flash memory: clearing the internal eMMC/NAND memory makes the SoC look for external SD Card as first boot option.
    If there isn't any suitable SD Card, the SoC enters maskrom mode, which can then be used for full eMMC/NAND access using rkdeveloptool. This is perfectly fine if your box has an eMMC flash memory.
    NOTE: In case you have a NAND flash memory this option is however discouraged. The original bootloader contains some special parameters to correctly access the data. Clearing the flash memory will probably garbage the NAND data and restoring the bootloader may require some special instructions.
     
    Obtain a copy of rkdeveloptool: a compiled binary is available in the official rockchip-linux rkbin github repository. If you prefer, you can compile it yourself from the sources available at official rockchip repository Unplug the power cord from the board Plug an end of an USB Male-to-male cable into the OTG port (normally it is the lone USB port on the same side of the Ethernet, HDMI, analog AV connectors) while pressing the reset microbutton with a toothpick. You can find the reset microbutton in a hole in the back of the box, but sometimes it is hidden into the AV analog jack Plug the other end of the USB Male-to-male cable into an USB port of your computer If everyting went well, using lsusb you should see a device with ID 2207:320b run ./rkdeveloptool ef and wait a few seconds once done, the internal eMMC is erased and the device will boot from the sdcard from now on  
    Partecipation and debugging:
    If you want to partecipate or need help debugging issues, do not hesitate to share your experience with the installation procedure of the boxes.
    In case of issues and missed support, provide as many as possible of these things is very useful to try and bring support for an unsupported board:
     
    some photos of both sides of the board. Details of the eMMC, DDR and Wifi chips are very useful! upload the device tree binary (dtb) of your device. We can understand a lot of things of the hardware from that small piece of data; and alternative is a link to the original firmware (you can do a full backup with the Multitool); dmesg and other logs (use armbianmonitor -u that automatically collects and uploads the logs online) attach a serial converter to the device and provide the output of the serial port;  
    Critics, suggestions and contributions are welcome!
     
    Credits:
    @fabiobassa for his ideas, inspiration, great generosity in giving the boards for development and testing. The project of bringing rk322x into armbian would not have begun without his support! Justin Swartz, for his work and research to bring mainline linux on rk3229 (repository here) @knaerzche for his great contribution to libreelec support and mainline patches @Alex83 for his patience in testing the NAND bootloader upgrade procedure on his board @Jason Duhamell for his generous donation that allowed researching eMCP boards and esp8089 wifi chip
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