Sergei Steshenko

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Everything posted by Sergei Steshenko

  1. Is "usb_pgood_delay" in small letter or in capital ones ?
  2. I've ordered a 5V 6A power supply in metal enclosure. It typically takes 2 .. 3 weeks for such orders to arrive. If and when the supply arrives and I test it, I'll report my findings and the URL to the item. The supply has voltage adjustment, is also for LEDs, the description claims it underwent burn-in test under 100% load, blah, blah, blah. Ironically the 5V 6A is cheaper than 5V 5A.
  3. "You can add kernel command line parameters" - do you mean to add them to /boot/armbianEnv.txt or I can add them interactively while booting ? If the latter, how do I do this ? I.e. what keys should I press in order to be able to add 'extraargs' ?
  4. I have also checked my 5V 3A power supply - the same.
  5. I've checked my 5V 4A power supply. Well, it's fake 4A. With HDD attached voltage drops sometimes to less than 4.5V. It's hard to say what the voltage exactly is - because the HDD squeaks every second or so, and DMM integrates, but there shouldn't be more than 0.5V of voltage drop.
  6. @jock, the following are contents of my /boot/armbianEnv.txt file: " verbosity=1 overlay_prefix=rockchip fdtfile=rk3288-xt-q8l-v10.dtb rootdev=UUID=<whatever> rootfstype=ext4 usbstoragequirks=0x2537:0x1066:u,0x2537:0x1068:u ". I.e. there is no 'rootdelay'.
  7. Here: https://iotbyhvm.ooo/boot-up-raspberry-pi-external-hard-disk/ it's stated that 'rootfdelay' is in /boot/cmdline.txt .
  8. Another related thread: -> - pay attention to "sleep 5".
  9. @jock, this is what I found: "Increase disk detection timeout at boot with Linux/Systemd" - https://serverfault.com/questions/938506/increase-disk-detection-timeout-at-boot-with-linux-systemd : " I've finally found it! It's of course but a simple kernel parameter, found here https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.html The parameter I was specifically looking for is rootdelay, I had already tried rootwait but apparently that wasn't enough, as it still aborted the wait after 10 seconds. Now it actually does not wait the full 30 seconds specified, but only about 10-15 seconds depending on how long it takes for my disks to show up, so setting a really high value doesn't seem to hurt, although I've only set 30 for my use case, which so far seems to have completely resolved the issue! You can add it to your kernel boot parameters in Grub or systemd-boot. Grub: /etc/defaults/grub -> GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="rootdelay=30 quiet" systemd-boot: /boot/loader/entries/yourentry.cfg -> options rootdelay=30 [other options] ". So, is there 'rootdelay' in /boot/armbianEnv.txt ?
  10. Again, I power the USB port from a separate power supply - which is 5V 4A. When the HDD is powered from 5V 4A and at the same time TV box is powered from 5V 2.5A, everything works. When both the HDD and the TV box are powered from 5V 4A, the drive is not detected. With my USB port adapter I completely bypass whatever limits of USB - the only limits are the ones of power supply I'm using. FWIW I am an electronic engineer by trade.
  11. And my HDD enclosure doesn't have a separate power port, so I have to provide the necessary current through the only port present - which is USB.
  12. @jock, thanks for the update. My OTG port is dead from the getgo - the seller didn't even put the cable for it. Several weeks ago I discovered that the port didn't work at all. Regarding the USB HDD timeout value - maybe it's somewhere in UDEV rules ? I have never looked into UDEV, but I think it's responsible for detachable devices.
  13. I think there is a problem with timeout of detection of external HDD. The following text probably looks convoluted - I've tried my best. I have a number of HDD USB <-> STAT adapters - a USB-3.0 one and a USB-2.0 one. My last experiment was with the USB-2.0 one - quite possibly it consumes less current from USB port than the USB-3.0, but results are the same. If I take my HDD connected to the USB-2.0 adapter, and connect the adapter with the HDD to my DESKTOP Linux PC, the HDD is detected, albeit with a delay of several seconds, and contents of the HDD can be read without a problem. If I connect the same USB-2.0 with the same HDD (with Armbian RK3288 system) to my RK3288 box, there are repetitive attempts to reset the drive (squeaking sound about once per second), and the system fails to detect the drive. The power supply I'm using is 5V 4A (however one can believe the rating) power supply. I have also a 5V 3A power supply - the same results. I have soldered a special USB port adapter which is USB male -> USB female connector with GND, D+, D- soldered straight from the male to the female connector and +5V line goes USB male pin -> SS34 Schottky diode anode -> SS34 cathode -> +5V pin of the USB female connector. In addition to this there is a 5.5mm/2.1mm power connector soldered to the USB female connector, and I connect the 5V 4A power supply (using a Y-splitter) to the 5.5mm/2.1mm power connector. There is also a 3300uF electrolytic capacitor connected to +5V and GND pins of the output female USB connector. The capacitor is intended to buffer voltage drops due to impulse current consumption by the HDD. In such a manner I completely bypass the USB port current limit - now current is limited by the +5V 4A power adapter I'm using. I.e. the current limit (assuming 4A is true) is 4A - current_consumed_by_the_RK3288_box. Still the same repetitive attempts to reset the HDD with squeaking sound. The USB male -> USB female adapter I've soldered definitely works - I tested it with USB mouse and with HDD on my desktop. But if I additionally use another power supply - 5V 2.5A (which came with the RK3288 box) to power the box and the 5V 4A power adapter with the USB adapter I've soldered to connect the USB-2.0 HDD adapter + HDD to the RK3288 box, I am able to boot. Alternatively instead of self-soldered USB male -> USB female adapter I can use ready made powered USB hub - the system also boots. Again, the main point being TWO power supplies working at the same time: the 5V 2.5A + 5V 4A. My theory is the following. On desktop the timeout is long enough, so even with the standard USB port without any external power supply the system manages to detect the drive, albeit slowly. In the Armbian image the timeout is too short, so the system is able to detect the drive only when it spins up quickly enough, and it happens with two power supplies working in parallel. So I can order a more powerful power supply - say, 5V 5A. And/or I can try to change timeout, but I do not know in what file it's coded. @jock, do you know what the file is and what is the procedure ? I mean I need to create a new SD card boot image with the modified file setting. I.e. I need to modify the file and then to run something to modify the image, correct ? Thanks in advance.
  14. Yes, I do use the SDcard too. As I wrote above, I didn't want to risk changing the box internal state yet again, so I decided to keep the SDcard while having the system on HDD. Is there a way to copy what I have on SDcard at the moment to a smaller SDcard ? It's a pity to have a 16GB SDcard just to host the /boot partition, i.e. a 4GB card, or even a smaller one, should suffice. Back to the issue of newer kernels. Probably 2 decades ago I compiled a Linux kernel after making small changes in TV capture card (ironically, I stopped watching TV in 2006 or so). Since with HDD the TV box is a full fledged computer, there shouldn't be a problem to compile the kernel natively. Is there a way to have multi-boot WRT to kernels ? Like on regular x86 boxes GRUB(2). Regarding the USB OTG port - in order to use it as yet another USB master port do I have to configure it somehow or just to plug the drive into it using the appropriate adapter cable ? Could you please have a look into arm-cortex-a7 'gcc' vs arm-cortex-a17 real HW issue mentioned in my previous post ?
  15. @jock, thanks for the update. At the moment I have my gig working, and the system is on HDD. Since I'm using optical SPDIF out, I'm not affected by the vertical magenta strip issue at the moment. So there is no real need for me to try a new setup at the moment - I'd rather spend time on "perfecting" my audio stuff. I mean that trying a new image would mean destroying already installed and configured stuff on HDD because of the way 'nand-sata-install.sh' script copies data. ... Some more questions. I tried 'gcc -v' and it shows arm-cortex-a7 (or something like this - I'm writing from my desktop PC - not from the TV box), but RK3288 is of ARM-cortex-A17 kind. So, does it mean that the available 'gcc' is not fully optimized for A17, or it's a no issue ? ... I have tried 'Suspend' from XFCE menu. Though the session is terminated, I don't have a clue how to resume. Does suspend work ? If yes, how does one resumes the session ?
  16. Another issue is that apparently "Log Out" -> "Reboot" and 'sudo reboot' do not work, or, rather, do not work fully. Session is indeed terminated, the control button on the TV box lights first red and then blue - as it should, but new boot doesn't occur. Sometimes I can achieve boot by cycling the button blue -> red -> blue several times, but the easiest and quickest way is to power the whole thing off and then on.
  17. I've made some progress. The good news is that booting having the system on external HDD works. The needed for my scenario option was '1' in the 'nand-sata-install.sh' script actually present on the SD card. I decided to ago along my original intent of booting from SD card and system on HDD - didn't want to change the TV box internal state. When 'nand-sata-install.sh' works, it sees existing partitions and asks to what partition to copy data. When it copies data, it completely overwrites the partition, i.e. it copies data as image - not file by file. Which, by the way, means that user home directory is copied too. The script also created /etc/fstab, and even though the drive is HDD, the contents of /etc/fstab are such as if it is tailored for a flash drive. So I later edited the file to make it look like more or less normal desktop Linux PC file. Even after the system is moved to HDD, it still uses ZRAM and RAM logging - I found a couple of posts describing how to disable both. The tricky part was enabling swap partition on the HDD. And the trickiest part was realization that there should be NO entry in /etc/fstab file for swap - unlike on my desktop Linux PC. I.e. UDEV rules automatically take care of swap partitions and if there is an entry on swap in /etc/fstab it is in conflict UDEV resulting in "Dependency failed for swap" message during boot. I think Armbian documentation on 'nand-sata-install.sh' script should be amended to explain all these issues. In my case the USB HDD is connected via a powered USB hub - otherwise there's not enough current to spin it up.
  18. "It looks to me that ALSA is quite messy" - your characterization is quite mild. The probably most fundamentally wrong thing about ALSA is that its configuration files are not debuggable. I.e. there is no way to find what is wrong, even from the point of view of syntax. At least, this was the case years ago - I got confirmation of this statement from ALSA developers. ... Regarding 'nand-sata-install.sh' - here is the source: https://github.com/pfoo/armbian-lib/blob/master/scripts/nand-sata-install/usr/lib/nand-sata-install/nand-sata-install.sh . The destination drive is formatted by the script. I do not see the word 'swap' in the script. Some device names are explicitly checked and adjustments are made. Which means that some adjustments might be necessary for RK3288. I will try the script - I have a drive from somebody else's Windows machine, so I'll first let the script do with it whatever it wants. I am not a shell programmer, so it's not clear to me what happens after the script is run and then the destination drive is not connected. Will the source SD card be still bootable in the sense that the whole system can start from it ? Anyway, I haven't done much configuration on the SD card. I haven't even installed updates and the media script (the main goal of the whole thing is audio anyway).
  19. "maybe you're interested in giving the sound devices the right names," - @jock, IIRC, earlier in this thread you've proposed a workaround. I haven't implemented it yet. I've been studying pulse audio in general, made some simple adjustments on my desktop PC, etc. My final goals include adding some LADSPA stuff of mine to pulse audio, so I have more things to learn. Or taking usage scenarios I might decide to dump pulse audio altogether using pure ALSA - which IIRC also allows to use LADSPA stuff.
  20. Another set of questions. I want to use an external USB drive (to be exact, an HDD with USB adapter) to host the system. I've read https://docs.armbian.com/User-Guide_Getting-Started/#how-to-install-to-emmc-nand-sata-usb and if I understand correctly my best option is 3 - "boot from SD - system on SATA or USB". The perfect option would be to also boot from SATA or USB. So, do I have to partition the USB drive myself and the 'nand-sata-install' script imposes its partitioning ? When I deal with desktop/laptop Linux distros, I partition the drive myself. If 'nand-sata-install' script partitions the drive, will it be possible for me afterwards to change partitions adding, for example, swap partition ? I mean if I do not destroy data changing partitions will the whole boot mechanism find needed for booting data ?
  21. I didn't try this monitor with a regular PC - it's physically inconvenient for me to try. The monitor is a "no-name" - I got it as a present, its IR control (it was used by the original owners as TV screen) stopped working, so the original owners bought a new monitor. The good news is that when I use optical out, sound is not affected by presence/absence of the magenta stripe. And my "production" use means using optical out. "Sometimes, expecially with older (<4.20) kernels, it may happen that sound disappears even without the purple line" - appears to be that way. I.e. I have an impression that sound sometimes disappears even without the magenta stripe. With optical out it appears to be more stable. The image I'm using has a 4.19.20 kernel, i.e. a version that can be affected according to your statement. I don't official Armbian images with newer kernel exist. Anyway, is the buggy kernel driver being worked on ? Or it's a closed source part and everything depends on Rockchip ?
  22. Still no good news with 'xrabdr'. Fundamentally, my monitor supports only one mode, so other modes have no effect when I use 'xrandr'. I.e. the whole thing always reverts to default. Another strange thing happened. I was doing 'rmmod' and then 'modprobe' of several kernel module in the hope to reinitialize the and thus maybe change the system behavior. I wasn't changing any configuration file on the way. After a number of attempts sound reproduction disappeared completely - regardless of presence of the vertical magenta strip. There were no error messages during 'modprobe' operations. So, in order to restore sound I simply re-flashed the SD card - now I again have sound. Very strange.
  23. I am playing with display modes - no good news (yet ?). However, turning monitor off and then on indeed solves the problem. When X11 screen look OK after turning monitor off and on, virtual consoles (i.e. text mode) display the infamous magenta stripe.
  24. @jock thanks for the 'xrandr' suggestion - I will try it. Another observation. Using the XFCE GUI entries I tried to change the refresh rate from 60 to 30 - not changing the resolution. This screwed up X11 - it failed to start after the change. However the change also caused appearance of that infamous vertical magenta strip in text mode as Linux boots. There was no vertical magenta strip before my change. So, it seems, some X11 setting isn't quite right - because intentional changing of refresh rate causes the same defect.