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  1. Like
    kris777 got a reaction from WarHawk_AVG in Image backup how to   
    In the Armbian system, I made such commands
    and the size of the image file saved on the miniSD was matched to the original size of the card  :-)
    sudo systemctl enable resize2fs sudo update-rc.d resize2fs defaults  sudo reboot or poweroff /etc/init.d/resize2fs start
  2. Like
    kris777 reacted to WarHawk_AVG in Image backup how to   
    simple script...just take the .img file...tell it to shrink the .img and voila...compressed down
    sudo pishrink.sh [-s] imagefile.img [newimagefile.img]  
  3. Like
    kris777 reacted to tkaiser in ODROID HC1 / HC2   
    Good point I almost forgot about since this is set by default with OMV already (tested on day 1 when I started with OMV back in April -- OMV uses some internal preferences which then get fed into the daemon's config files automagically):
    root@odroidxu4:~# testparm 2>/dev/null | grep sendfile use sendfile = Yes So I tested the opposite now with Armbian/OMV by setting 'use sendfile = no' in OMV's "/config/services/smb/extraoptions", verified with testparm and as expected read performance drops a lot (directory enumeration too) while write performance slightly increases:

    So yes, 'use sendfile = yes' is important even with beefy hardware (I did a quick check also with performance governor but numbers are close to identical so it's not related with cpufreq scaling and also not a true CPU bottleneck -- watched utilization with htop, everything happens on the big cores and it looks like there's still some room... unlike with A20 where usually the smbd thread is bottlenecked by the CPU core it's running on)
    As a comparison the 'use sendfile = yes' numbers from above again:

  4. Like
    kris777 reacted to tkaiser in Orange Pi Zero Plus / H5 Chip   
    As with every other H5 device out there: no. H5 is 'work in progress', maybe starting with 4.13 this will change.
    Besides that this is 'just another H5 board' and I think we'll support it anyway. There's already some information available here: http://www.cnx-software.com/2017/08/12/15-orange-pi-zero-plus-board-released-with-allwinner-h5-soc-gigabit-ethernet-wifi-and-spi-flash/ (I think the comparison with Plus 2 H5 is not the best once since I consider the Zero Plus simply a 'Zero' upgrade, replacing Fast with Gigabit Ethernet and crappy ok-ish Wi-Fi.
    no schematics released yet: http://www.orangepi.org/downloadresources/ plans for such a 'Zero Plus' obviously existed since Xunlong started to ship their NAS Expansion board (see devices listed and date of this commit) maybe somewhere in this mess here there's a DT or sysconfig.fex hidden describing hardware features correctly? Don't care since I get headache trying to look through these repos. Once schematics are available I would believe it'll take not that much time to add support (adjusting device tree settings and including 8189fs driver, everything else should be the same as with every other H5 device out there).
  5. Like
    kris777 reacted to AnonymousPi in Using 16x2 ('1602') LCD with I2C connector with Orange Pi PC   
    Hi All,
    I recently bought a cheap 16 character, 2 row LCD display from aliexpress.com for use with my Orange Pi PC. I got it to work without too much pain, but I thought I would document it here for the benefit of others. Some good instructions are already available on the internet, but there are some tweaks required for the Orange PI.
    Armbian I believe already has the I2C module compiled into the kernel directly. So no Linux Kernal insmod work required, unlike what many Raspberry PI guides seem to imply.
    Step 1) Buy the things you will need.
    1. You obviously need a 1602 LCD module which also comes with the the I2C converter. You can buy a 1602 LCD and wire it directly to the 16 GPIO pins required if you want, but that isn't the point of this guide.
    2. You will need a level shifter. The LCD display works on +5volts. The OrangePI/H3 GPIO pins are 3.3 volts. I have seen guides stating that you don't need a level shifter, but I'm sure you're slowly frying some transistors in your OrangePI over time.
    3. You will need a bunch of jumper cables etc. Like these, female to female only required really.
    Step 2) Wire things up accordingly.
    Thanks to this fantastic guide, the instructions on wiring the Orange PI to the Level Shifter LV ('low voltage') pins, and then the Level Shifter HV ('high voltage') pins to the 1602 I2C module is pretty clear: http://www.raspberrypi-spy.co.uk/2015/05/using-an-i2c-enabled-lcd-screen-with-the-raspberry-pi/
    Level Shifter OrangePI 1602 I2C Backpack LV 3.3V (pin 1) – LV1 SDA (pin 3) – LV2 SCL (pin 5) – GND GND (pin 6) GND HV 5V (pin 2) VCC HV1   SDA HV2   SCL  
    Note, you connect the 1602 I2C module/backpack directly to the 5Volt Pin on the PI (Pin 2 or 4) and Ground (Pin 6) respectively.
    Note: For some strange reason the level shifter works if you don't connect the ground pins to either side of it (i.e. Use the LV, LV1, LV2, HV, HV1 and HV2 pins only). No idea why - electrical engineering degree required I think.
    If all works well, you should see the LCD module light-up with the top row being a bunch of white bars (you might need to check the contrast setting of the module as well). White bars = uninitialised LCD screen.

    Step 3) Install the required packages int Armbian
    Reference:  https://www.abelectronics.co.uk/kb/article/1061/i2c--smbus-and-armbian-linux
    sudo apt-get install -y python-smbus i2c-tools Step 4) Check to see what the address of the LCD Screen is:
    Reference: http://www.raspberrypi-spy.co.uk/2014/11/enabling-the-i2c-interface-on-the-raspberry-pi/
    user@orangepipc:~/Downloads/i2c$ sudo i2cdetect -y 0 [sudo] password for userpi: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f 00: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 10: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 20: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 30: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3f 40: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- UU -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 50: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 60: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 70: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- user@orangepipc:~/Downloads/i2c$ sudo i2cdetect -y 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f 00: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 10: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 20: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 30: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 40: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 50: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 60: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 70: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Looks like it's 0x3f as the address on I2C bus 0 (which is apparently right according to the aliexpress buyer feedback comments)
    Step 5) Download Example Script
    Reference: http://www.raspberrypi-spy.co.uk/2015/05/using-an-i2c-enabled-lcd-screen-with-the-raspberry-pi/
    The example script will allow you to send text to the screen via I2C. It is very similar to my scripts for the normal 16×2 screen. To download the script directly to your Pi you can use :
    wget https://bitbucket.org/MattHawkinsUK/rpispy-misc/raw/master/python/lcd_i2c.py  
    Step 6) Adjust the Sample Script
    I need to adjust the script to reference a 1602 LCD device with address 0x3f, on Orange Pi PC I2C Bus, 0. The script as it is references a device of 0x27 on Bus 1 - it won't work. You might have a LCD device of address 0x27 (you'll know from the previous step), but it seems many of the cheap LCD modules from aliexpress are 0x3f for some reason.
    Adjusted script below:
    #!/usr/bin/python #-------------------------------------- # ___ ___ _ ____ # / _ \/ _ \(_) __/__ __ __ # / , _/ ___/ /\ \/ _ \/ // / # /_/|_/_/ /_/___/ .__/\_, / # /_/ /___/ # # lcd_i2c.py # LCD test script using I2C backpack. # Supports 16x2 and 20x4 screens. # # Author : Matt Hawkins # Date : 20/09/2015 # # http://www.raspberrypi-spy.co.uk/ # # Copyright 2015 Matt Hawkins # # This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify # it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by # the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or # (at your option) any later version. # # This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, # but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of # MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the # GNU General Public License for more details. # # You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License # along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. # #-------------------------------------- import smbus import time # Define some device parameters I2C_ADDR = 0x3f # I2C device address LCD_WIDTH = 16 # Maximum characters per line # Define some device constants LCD_CHR = 1 # Mode - Sending data LCD_CMD = 0 # Mode - Sending command LCD_LINE_1 = 0x80 # LCD RAM address for the 1st line LCD_LINE_2 = 0xC0 # LCD RAM address for the 2nd line LCD_LINE_3 = 0x94 # LCD RAM address for the 3rd line LCD_LINE_4 = 0xD4 # LCD RAM address for the 4th line LCD_BACKLIGHT = 0x08 # On #LCD_BACKLIGHT = 0x00 # Off ENABLE = 0b00000100 # Enable bit # Timing constants E_PULSE = 0.0005 E_DELAY = 0.0005 #Open I2C interface bus = smbus.SMBus(0) # Rev 1 Pi uses 0 (and Orange PI PC, for pins 3 and 5) #bus = smbus.SMBus(1) # Rev 2 Pi uses 1 def lcd_init(): # Initialise display lcd_byte(0x33,LCD_CMD) # 110011 Initialise lcd_byte(0x32,LCD_CMD) # 110010 Initialise lcd_byte(0x06,LCD_CMD) # 000110 Cursor move direction lcd_byte(0x0C,LCD_CMD) # 001100 Display On,Cursor Off, Blink Off lcd_byte(0x28,LCD_CMD) # 101000 Data length, number of lines, font size lcd_byte(0x01,LCD_CMD) # 000001 Clear display time.sleep(E_DELAY) def lcd_byte(bits, mode): # Send byte to data pins # bits = the data # mode = 1 for data # 0 for command bits_high = mode | (bits & 0xF0) | LCD_BACKLIGHT bits_low = mode | ((bits<<4) & 0xF0) | LCD_BACKLIGHT # High bits bus.write_byte(I2C_ADDR, bits_high) lcd_toggle_enable(bits_high) # Low bits bus.write_byte(I2C_ADDR, bits_low) lcd_toggle_enable(bits_low) def lcd_toggle_enable(bits): # Toggle enable time.sleep(E_DELAY) bus.write_byte(I2C_ADDR, (bits | ENABLE)) time.sleep(E_PULSE) bus.write_byte(I2C_ADDR,(bits & ~ENABLE)) time.sleep(E_DELAY) def lcd_string(message,line): # Send string to display message = message.ljust(LCD_WIDTH," ") lcd_byte(line, LCD_CMD) for i in range(LCD_WIDTH): lcd_byte(ord(message[i]),LCD_CHR) def main(): # Main program block # Initialise display lcd_init() while True: # Send some test lcd_string("RPiSpy <",LCD_LINE_1) lcd_string("I2C LCD <",LCD_LINE_2) time.sleep(3) # Send some more text lcd_string("> RPiSpy",LCD_LINE_1) lcd_string("> I2C LCD",LCD_LINE_2) time.sleep(3) if __name__ == '__main__': try: main() except KeyboardInterrupt: pass finally: lcd_byte(0x01, LCD_CMD)  
    This is a really useful thing to do, otherwise you'll need to run the python script as ROOT (via. sudo etc.) every  time. No good if you want to write a python script that runs using your normal user account and sends messages over I2C to the LCD.
    Reference: https://www.abelectronics.co.uk/kb/article/1061/i2c--smbus-and-armbian-linux
    sudo adduser <YOUR_USER_ID> i2c eg: sudo adduser johnsmith i2c  
    Step 8) Run your script!
    python lcd_i2c.py Amazing!

    Please note: You can probably use a more advanced library to output data to the LCD, but for now, it probably isn't required:
    https://gist.github.com/DenisFromHR (you will need to adjust the code in 'RPi_I2C_driver.py' to refer to port=0, not port=1 to get this to work. Also change the address of the LCD device if required)
    What a level shifter looks like:

  6. Like
  7. Like
    kris777 reacted to Johann Pascher in Configuring Orange PI PC to receive IR/InfraRed   
    @LinuxUser I also have the same orangepipc+ and had the same problem.
    pleas red my thread about it. 
  8. Like
    kris777 got a reaction from sirob in Lirc Reconfigure   
    similar topics:
  9. Like
    kris777 reacted to AnonymousPi in Configuring Orange PI PC to receive IR/InfraRed   
    Note: Guide Updated May 2017, as I realise that /dev/input/event3 may not always be the IR receiver device on your armbian installation.
    Hi All,
    I recently bought an Orange PI PC and the best thing I ever did was install Armbian straight away (and donate). Now that I have a bit of spare time, I wanted to configure my Orange PI PC to do something ridiculous like play Rick Ashley 'Never going to give you up' upon pressing the 'red button' on some generic Chinese IR remote for an LED light strip I have in my living room.
    Thanks to Armbian, most of the pieces are in place (such as the SunXI IR package) with the distribution, you just need to glue it all together.
    However there are few configuration issues with the default Armbian install on the Orange PI PC that need to be adjusted, otherwise you'll encounter infuriating issues such as:
    No IR device existing or being detected (root cause: sunxi-cir module not loaded) No LIRC 'irw' output even after successfully using irrecord (root cause: DRIVER=devinput doesn't work, though it could be my remote), like this poor sod was experiencing.  
    I should also note that this guide on the terrible Orange PI forums, helped me with my issues.
    Step 1) Adjust /etc/lirc/hardware.conf
    Updated: This guide was originally written for Armbian based on Debian 'Jessie'. The latest Armbian (as at September 2017) is now based on Ubuntu Xenial. This introduces a new lirc package which yet again comes with a broken hardware.conf
    For Ubuntu Xenial (September 2017):
    The default hardware.conf that comes with Armbian is broken. It's assigning the 'remote' and 'transmitter' to the same device, this breaks everything. Ensure the TRANSMITTER_MODULES="" and TRANSMITTER_DEVICE = ""
    # /etc/lirc/hardware.conf # #Chosen Remote Control REMOTE="None" REMOTE_MODULES="sunxi_cir" REMOTE_DRIVER="default" REMOTE_DEVICE="/dev/lirc0" REMOTE_SOCKET="" # FYI - /run/lirc/lircd will probably be the socket that the system uses REMOTE_LIRCD_CONF="" REMOTE_LIRCD_ARGS="" #Chosen IR Transmitter TRANSMITTER="None" TRANSMITTER_MODULES="" TRANSMITTER_DRIVER="" TRANSMITTER_DEVICE="/dev/null" TRANSMITTER_SOCKET="" TRANSMITTER_LIRCD_CONF="" TRANSMITTER_LIRCD_ARGS="" #Disable kernel support. #Typically, lirc will disable in-kernel support for ir devices in order to #handle them internally. Set to false to prevent lirc from disabling this #in-kernel support. #DISABLE_KERNEL_SUPPORT="true" #Enable lircd START_LIRCD="true" #Don't start lircmd even if there seems to be a good config file #START_LIRCMD="false" #Try to load appropriate kernel modules LOAD_MODULES="true" # Default configuration files for your hardware if any LIRCMD_CONF="" #Forcing noninteractive reconfiguration #If lirc is to be reconfigured by an external application #that doesn't have a debconf frontend available, the noninteractive #frontend can be invoked and set to parse REMOTE and TRANSMITTER #It will then populate all other variables without any user input #If you would like to configure lirc via standard methods, be sure #to leave this set to "false" FORCE_NONINTERACTIVE_RECONFIGURATION="false" START_LIRCMD=""  
    For Debian Jessie (~year 2016):
    By default Armbian doesn't have the suxi-cir module enabled at boot-up, but it is available, so you will need to edit hardware.conf to enable this, as well as correct the DRIVER= line and the DEVICE= line, as the defaults in there are WRONG.
    Also I suggest commenting out Igor's code in the top five lines. A hardware.conf that works:
    # Cubietruck automatic lirc device detection by Igor Pecovnik #str=$(cat /proc/bus/input/devices | grep "H: Handlers=sysrq rfkill kbd event" | awk '{print $(NF)}') #sed -i 's/DEVICE="\/dev\/input.*/DEVICE="\/dev\/input\/'$str'"/g' /etc/lirc/hardware.conf # /etc/lirc/hardware.conf # # Arguments which will be used when launching lircd LIRCD_ARGS="" #Don't start lircmd even if there seems to be a good config file #START_LIRCMD=false #Don't start irexec, even if a good config file seems to exist. #START_IREXEC=false #Try to load appropriate kernel modules LOAD_MODULES=true # Run "lircd --driver=help" for a list of supported drivers. # 'devinput' driver on Orange PI PC causes NO EVENTS TO OCCUR # via irw for some reason. DRIVER="default" # usually /dev/lirc0 is the correct setting for systems using udev DEVICE="/dev/lirc0" MODULES="sunxi-cir" # Default configuration files for your hardware if any LIRCD_CONF="" LIRCMD_CONF="" Step 2) Restart lircd service
      As lirc is actually already running and installed in Armbian, do the following:
    root@orangepipc:/etc# /etc/init.d/lirc stop root@orangepipc:/etc# /etc/init.d/lirc start To reboot the service. 
    Then perform an 'lsmod' to see if it loaded the sunxi_cir module (because otherwise nothing will work):
      user@orangepipc:~$ lsmod Module                  Size  Used by mali_drm                2732  1 drm                   178255  2 mali_drm mali                  123208  0 ump                    29379  3 mali sunxi_cir               1601  0 8189es               1076034  0   Step 3) Find out what '/dev/input/eventX' device is your IR receiver   If you do a: ls /dev/input/event* You will most likely get a bunch of possible event devices to choose from, for example:
    anonymouspi@orangepipc:~$ ls /dev/input/event* /dev/input/event0 /dev/input/event2 /dev/input/event4 /dev/input/event1 /dev/input/event3 /dev/input/event5 For my installation, /dev/input/event3 is the IR receiver, but if you have other devices installed (i.e. USB cameras, keyboards etc.) then the number could be different. For example, executing 'evtest /dev/input/event3' reveals:
    Input driver version is 1.0.1 Input device ID: bus 0x19 vendor 0x1 product 0x1 version 0x100 Input device name: "sunxi-ir" A device name of 'sunxi-ir' means that we are using the right device for the purposes of evtest
        Step 4) Do a quick test with with 'evtest' (OrangePI PC armbian seems to use /dev/input/event3 for IR input )   Armbian has the 'evtest' program installed, point the IR remote (in my case a  LED colour remote) at your Orange PI PC and as root 'evtest /dev/input/event3'.   root@orangepipc:/etc# evtest /dev/input/event3 Input driver version is 1.0.1 Input device ID: bus 0x19 vendor 0x1 product 0x1 version 0x100 Input device name: "sunxi-ir" Supported events:   Event type 0 (EV_SYN)   Event type 1 (EV_KEY)     Event code 152 (KEY_SCREENLOCK)   Event type 4 (EV_MSC)     Event code 4 (MSC_SCAN) Key repeat handling:   Repeat type 20 (EV_REP)     Repeat code 0 (REP_DELAY)       Value    500     Repeat code 1 (REP_PERIOD)       Value    125 Properties: Testing ... (interrupt to exit)  
    Pressing the remote reveals events like:
    Testing ... (interrupt to exit) Event: time 1472917554.113967, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 58 Event: time 1472917554.113981, -------------- EV_SYN ------------ Event: time 1472917554.464390, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 59 Event: time 1472917554.464398, -------------- EV_SYN ------------ Event: time 1472917554.842832, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 45 Event: time 1472917554.842839, -------------- EV_SYN ------------ Event: time 1472917555.345584, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 58 That was the red, green, blue and white buttons being pressed. This is a good news.
    Step 5) Configure lirc to map IR input to key presses or events.
    Again, Armbian has irrecord installed (great work Igor), but given I'm re-using this remote to configure the output of a LED strip I have, I'll need to map the IR data sent, to something more meaningful. In other use-cases this isn't generally required as lircs provides a database of media remotes which is pre-mapped to Linux commands/keyboard keys.
    There's plenty of information on how to use irrecord, command I used was:
    /etc/init.d/lirc stop ...to first stop the service, then:
    irrecord -H default -d /dev/lirc0 /etc/lirc/lircd.conf ... to record my remote and bind to 'keys'.
    Step 6) Test with irw
    Now that I recorded my configuration file with irrecord:
    /etc/init.d/lirc start .. to start lird service again
    then type 'irw' and check that the key mapping works when I point the remote at the Orange PI PC and press a button:
    root@orangepipc:/etc# irw 0000000000ff1ae5 00 KEY_R /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ff1ae5 01 KEY_R /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ff9a65 00 KEY_G /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ff9a65 01 KEY_G /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ffa25d 00 KEY_B /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ffa25d 01 KEY_B /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ff22dd 00 KEY_W /etc/lirc/lircd.conf 0000000000ff22dd 01 KEY_W /etc/lirc/lircd.conf Hoo Ray!
      Step 7) Create a /etc/lirc/lircrc file to run commands
    sudo vi /etc/lirc/lircrc I'd actually call mpv here and call the player:
    # http://www.lirc.org/html/configure.html begin    button = KEY_R    prog = irexec    config = mpv  /home/root/Rick\\ Astley\\ -\\ Never\\ Gonna\\ Give\\ You\\ Up.m4a & echo "COMMENT RICK ROLLING" & end begin    button = KEY_W    prog = irexec    config = killall mpv & echo "SADFACE!" & end begin    button = KEY_B    prog = irexec    config = mpv http://sj256.hnux.com & end   You could also create a file for each user of the system if you want, eg: /root/.lircrc, /home/userXXX/.lircrc However if you do this, you will need to start the irexec service manually. If you have a /etc/lirc/lircrc file, the irexec service will start automatically at boot - this service is what actually converts the key press to the command.     So there you go, Rickrolling with a simple press of the red (KEY_R) button :-)  
    Additional References:
    [Guide] Android + InfraRed (IR) + Kodi 
    How to setup Remote Control for Linux
  10. Like
    kris777 got a reaction from Igor in OrangePi-Lite-Armbian + remote X10 ?   
    Thank you for... any information 
    probably, unfortunately, I can not do but I will try .... if I can let you know sorry for my English :-( Regards!
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