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About ning

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  1. I don't think integrate mali is a good choice, mali kernel driver is difficult to integrate, due to nowadays there is completely different display driver in mainline linux, and mali userspace binary driver only provides opengl_es2, lack of opengl, that means only gles programs can use mali gpu, desktop UI rendering still software. if not build a special OS like lakka, desktop OS good to choose lima/panfrost for gpu driver.
  2. use HW acceleration for Gfx doesn't mean it runs fast, you know mali450 is very lowend GPU. if you use it to render 4K, no way fast.
  3. No, please just install armbian-firmware package. those firmwares are upstreamed to linux-firmware, which is built into armbian-firemware. meson-vdev is stateful video decode, no related to libva-v4l2-request. recent mpv requres add opengl-pbo to config file.
  4. from 1st and 2nd posts, you already knows how to use debian linux build framework to build a module signed kernel for your armbian with your own kernel configure. but you may ask is my kernel missing some features required by debian? how can I know it? and how to fix it. the answer to these 3 questions are depends on your current kernel configurations, but it difficult to read and compare each kernel configuration with debian's kernel configuration. let me tell you how debian build its own kernel configurations, then you can answer these questions yourself. The formula: Debian kernel configuration = common configs + arch specific configs + flavor configs + kernel autoselected configs. here common configs are core debian features, which is in file debian/config/config arch configs are needed for debian to run on an arch, which are in files: debian/<arch>/config flavor configs are tune debian kernel into some flavor, eg rt kernel. debian/config/config.rt the 3 kinds of configs are write in config files, only define 5% kernel configs, and the rest are kernel autoselected. at this point, you need only to change arch related configs to make the kernel runs on your device. here are steps to make the change. 1, use debian defualt config to rebuild your kernel. stop after .config is created. 2, use meld to compare your config file and .config. only take care the configs missing in .config, do not touch the configs added in .config. 3, add missing config in arch config now you get the missing configs to run on your devices.
  5. you can choose any display manager. configure X for lima, please remove all X config file preinstalled, and follow to configure X. absolute yes, you need to install updated mesa. please search my posts.
  6. On Kvim1 (S905x), with 5.6.x kernel if you have AIU driver, please use alsamixer to enable some switch. and it has some issue in enable gnome wayland session, I don't know why, but gnome X session is very good, much better than I expect. Ok, this is for Debian buster, I hear someone says ubuntu 20.04 is not as good as buster. for Hwdec on Kvim1, you need to apply below option to use MPV: thus can use lima and vdec at same time, without issue in lima. but still, you can observe issues in vdec. it looks like players include web browsers based on gstreamer is using vdec, but due to other issue maybe in its shader, video can't play fluently.
  7. 1, armbian kernel may still has issue in build external modules. due to cross build. you can rebuild armbian kernel natively. 2, this driver should never be used. use mainline lima instead.
  8. you enable legacy driver in mainline kernel... great job.
  9. ning

    Panfrost on S912

    remove below identifier is a name for better understanding, it is not used by mesa to choose the driver.
  10. after you understanding how to build Debian-flavor kernel packages for armbian, the next task is how to build a signed kernel debs, because the output of 1st step is unsigned kernel package. in this part I will give you two methods to build a signed kernel packages. 1, the "kernel" way just follow to edit your kernel config, enable below configs: CONFIG_MODULE_SIG=y CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA256=y CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY="certs/signing_key.pem" CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_ALL=y and rebuild your kernel packages. during build, kernel modules will be signed automatically with build-time-generated sign key. or you can provide your own key to replace "certs/signing_key.pem" but in this step you will still get "unsigned" kernel packages. we can use linux-image-arm64-signed-template to rebuild kernel packages. a, install unsigned linux-image, linux-support, linux-image-arm64-signed-template. b, cd /usr/share/code-signing/linux-image-arm64-signed-template/source-template c, run debuild -i -us -uc -b d, get signed linux-image packages. 2, the "Debian" way. we need to sign kernel modules. build and install this tool. Note: this tool is used for UEFI trusted boot, we can also use it for kernel module sign. if we need to enable ARM Trusted Boot, we also need this tool. 1, use debuild -i -us -uc -b to build dsigning-box and install it. 2, prepare your owner key, public/provate key pair. 3, enable below config: CONFIG_MODULE_SIG=y CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA256=y CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS="path/to/your/public_key.pem" 4, rebuild kernel 5, install unsigned linux-image, linux-kbuild, linux-support, linux-image-arm64-signed-template 6, decompress unsigned linux-image, remove vmlinux from boot/, and compress to tar.xz 7, configure dsigning-box: edit secure-boot-code-sign.conf set: IMG_DIR to where you can find your newly created tar.xz SIG_DIR to where you want to put signed file. LINUX_SIGNFILE to you kernel sign-file, changed according to kernel version. LINUX_MODULES_PRIVKEY to abs path to your kernel private_key.pem LINUX_MODULES_CERT to abs path to you kernel public_key.pem 8, sign kernel module, secure-boot-code-sign <linux-image-xxxx>.tar.xz 9, find signed-linux-image-xxxx.tar.xz from SIG_DIR and decompress it to /usr/share/code-signing/linux-image-arm64-signed-template/source-template/debian/signature [you need to correct the folder name according failures in next step] 10, cd /usr/share/code-signing/linux-image-arm64-signed-template/source-template, run debuild -i -us -uc -b, [you will get error msg, but build still finishes, please use the error msg to correct step 9, and rebuild.] 11, get signed linux-image packages.
  11. no, please check your TV's overscan setting. please ref to
  12. for split firmware, I can do rk3399, and amlogic. but still need other maintainer's help.
  13. before you start: Armbian already provides kernel build script in armbian build framework, and you can download these packages via `apt` in common cases, you shouldn't build kernel yourself, even you want to build a customer kernel package, you should use armbian build framework. because you can get best supports. so below content is only for experts. prepare source code: 1, stable linux kernel source code: 2, armbian build framework, for patches and kernel config 3, debian linux build rules: git clone --depth=1 optional: checkout to a branch to build a different kernel version, current version is 5.5.8 4, add patches to debian linux build rules: copy all family patches to <debian-rules>/debian/patches/ add all your patches to <debian-rules>/debian/patches/series make sure all your patch are appliable to mainline kernel. optional: remove all debian's kernel patch, only leave armbian kernel patch. 5, apply the patches. apt install devscripts cd <debian-rules> debian/bin/ <path-to-stable-linux> debian/rules orig 6, copy kernel config to <debian-rules>/config/[armhf, arm64]/config prepare native armhf/arm64 build env 1, donwload armbian's prebuild rootfs, or use debootstrap. 2, mount dev, sys, proc, tmp to armhf/arm64 rootfs. reference: 3, mount <debian-rules> to armhf/arm64 rootfs. start build, in chroot rootfs 1, cd <debian-rule> 2, apt install devscripts fakeroot 3, debian/rules debian/control DEBIAN_KERNEL_DISABLE_INSTALLER=true 4, debuild -i -us -uc -b # do it only once, to let build system promt missing build depends. you need to install all build depends at this step. 5, fakeroot debian/rules binary or fakeroot debian/rules binary-arch 6, long wait.