Jens Bauer

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  1. Like
    Jens Bauer got a reaction from abreyu in Banana Pi M4   
    Fairly understandable.
    Cortex-A73 is by design (eg. ARM) using lower power and produces lower heat than Cortex-A72.
    Cortex-A75 even lower power and quicker than Cortex-A73.
    -So it will likely pay to choose the latter implementation over the former, even if the price of the CPU is higher.
     
    For build-farms and quick data-processing, it's interesting having high-speed CPU cores and high speed network (this can be spread out on several GbE ports or just a single 10GbE port). 2GB or 4GB LPDDR4 would also be attractive for this kind of configuration. Native 6G SATA would be a huge advantage here as well.
     
    For storage (eg. NAS), one could likely go with the old Cortex-A7, native 6G SATA support and 1GB to 2GB RAM (still 4GB will be interesting when you're using RAID configurations a'la FreeNAS, where each 1TB storage space requires 1GB RAM). Again as many (independent, full speed) GbE ports will be attractive for this configuration.
     
    If the CPU you choose have PCIe, you can basically do anything you want; just please don't waste the PCIe on USB3. Adding PCIe switches would be interesting too.
     
    As I've mentioned earlier, it's not easy to find an affordable board that has both native 6G SATA, GbE network and PCIe. I picked the EspressoBIN due to the low price and that it "technically" would cover my needs, but I've had many problems with it for several years. It still has problems when I make software-reboots (sometimes hangs), so that's a board I will not recommend. Some boards also have problems with the RAM being affected by EMI due to bad board design. The EspressoBIN was an empty promise; it can't be used as a router/firewall unless you add an external USB3-to-Ethernet adapter. The speed on the 3 ports is limited to 1Gbit for all three [eg. they share 1Gbps!], so I fail to see why they even bothered making the board more expensive by adding the Topaz switch.
    (Perhaps so that other board designers, such  as you, can learn from their mistakes?)
  2. Like
    Jens Bauer got a reaction from Lion Wang in Banana Pi M4   
    Fairly understandable.
    Cortex-A73 is by design (eg. ARM) using lower power and produces lower heat than Cortex-A72.
    Cortex-A75 even lower power and quicker than Cortex-A73.
    -So it will likely pay to choose the latter implementation over the former, even if the price of the CPU is higher.
     
    For build-farms and quick data-processing, it's interesting having high-speed CPU cores and high speed network (this can be spread out on several GbE ports or just a single 10GbE port). 2GB or 4GB LPDDR4 would also be attractive for this kind of configuration. Native 6G SATA would be a huge advantage here as well.
     
    For storage (eg. NAS), one could likely go with the old Cortex-A7, native 6G SATA support and 1GB to 2GB RAM (still 4GB will be interesting when you're using RAID configurations a'la FreeNAS, where each 1TB storage space requires 1GB RAM). Again as many (independent, full speed) GbE ports will be attractive for this configuration.
     
    If the CPU you choose have PCIe, you can basically do anything you want; just please don't waste the PCIe on USB3. Adding PCIe switches would be interesting too.
     
    As I've mentioned earlier, it's not easy to find an affordable board that has both native 6G SATA, GbE network and PCIe. I picked the EspressoBIN due to the low price and that it "technically" would cover my needs, but I've had many problems with it for several years. It still has problems when I make software-reboots (sometimes hangs), so that's a board I will not recommend. Some boards also have problems with the RAM being affected by EMI due to bad board design. The EspressoBIN was an empty promise; it can't be used as a router/firewall unless you add an external USB3-to-Ethernet adapter. The speed on the 3 ports is limited to 1Gbit for all three [eg. they share 1Gbps!], so I fail to see why they even bothered making the board more expensive by adding the Topaz switch.
    (Perhaps so that other board designers, such  as you, can learn from their mistakes?)
  3. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Nora Lee in Banana Pi M4   
    We have concern RK3399 overheat issue, we'll evaluate cortex a72 for next project.
  4. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Nora Lee in Banana Pi M4   
    ROCKPro64 price$127.49 by https://es.aliexpress.com/item/32907755229.html, we'll check whether above price is acceptable for our current developers or customers.
     
     
  5. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to sfx2000 in SBC recommendations for a wireless router   
    One of the better SoC's for comms processing that is affordable is the Armada 8xxx series - I know of several folks that have converted Machiatto-Bin boards for ARM development workstations.
  6. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to sfx2000 in Raspberry Pi 4 Released - From $35 USD   
    Interesting - some casual benchmarking of Pi4 vs Pi3...
     
    For virtualization - the new Broadcom SoC is a good step forward for the Pi Folks...
     
    A lot of this comes from how the new chip does interrupt handling.
     
    https://blog.cloudkernels.net/posts/rpi4-64bit-virt/
     
     
  7. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to ebin-dev in espressobin all boards and all nics have the same mac address   
    @Jens Bauer @ManoftheSea @anubisg1
    The MAC address of the bridge can be specified in 10-br0.netdev. This works without any issues in Stretch and in Buster (at least on a V5_0_1 EspressoBin). If you have problems with Ubuntu Bionic, then their implementation of systemd-networkd may be the reason.
     
    # cat 10-br0.netdev [NetDev] Name=br0 Kind=bridge MACAddress=XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX # networkctl IDX LINK TYPE OPERATIONAL SETUP 1 lo loopback carrier unmanaged 2 eth0 ether degraded configured 3 wan dsa degraded configured 4 lan0 dsa no-carrier configuring 5 lan1 dsa no-carrier configuring 6 br0 bridge routable configured _____ _ _ | ____|___ _ __ _ __ ___ ___ ___ ___ | |__ (_)_ __ | _| / __| '_ \| '__/ _ \/ __/ __|/ _ \| '_ \| | '_ \ | |___\__ \ |_) | | | __/\__ \__ \ (_) | |_) | | | | | |_____|___/ .__/|_| \___||___/___/\___/|_.__/|_|_| |_| |_| Welcome to Debian Buster with Armbian Linux 4.19.57-mvebu64 System load: 0.15 0.13 0.11 Up time: 17:54 hours Memory usage: 37 % of 990MB Zram usage: 36 % of 495Mb Usage of /: 18% of 908G  
  8. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to ebin-dev in espressobin hang after one day   
    @Fan KunPeng Are you using the latest boot loader ?
  9. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    They do those miner cards full size pcie to full size pcie but just a single lane over that usb cable which is prob as good as any for that purpose of a single lane.

    But yeah the fan out is via a pcie packet switch but x1 to 3x x1

    PCIex4 to 2x x2 is my grail quest but you can get packet switches with 4 endpoints that can take any combination of x2, x1 and when the lanes are used they are used.
    So x2 & 2x x1 or 2x x2 or 4x x1 are all valid and would give a hell of a lot of modular flexibility.
  10. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Fan KunPeng in espressobin hang after one day   
    stable after I changed cpu scale 
    cpufreq-set -g performance  
  11. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Fan KunPeng in espressobin hang after one day   
    ESPRESSOBin V5
  12. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    Nope without a packet switch a single endpoint steals all lanes even if not used on that root complex.

    Yeah those 5bay can be got for about £15 and are pretty much all you need.

    Dunno about your prices though I just got my Pi4 from piminori in the UK £49.65 GBP deliverd for the 2gb.
    The rockpro64 2gb is $59.99 but you will have to add delivery and tax but doubt you will get 2 pis for that?
    Dunno with the typeC https://wiki.pine64.org/index.php/ROCKPro64_Main_Page#Expansion_Ports you will prob have to research.
    Didn't really spend much time with mine as I say, sort of lost interest at that time.
    I think all the rk3399 boards have 2x usb 3.0 2x usb 2.0 with also pcie 2.1 x4 on most.
  13. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    I am not really a fan of the port multipliers, they are slightly Mickey Mouse and prob fan-out  to too many devices
    But they are really cheap, but still to find a glowing review.
    If you are going jbod or whatever form of linear aggregation then with slower drives as Sata1 is 150MBs and maybe don't use the 5th port as it don't compute.
    That could be a whopping 16 drives from a Marvel 9235 pcie3.0 4 port!

    The Marvel 9235 actually came with 4x Sata cable but to keep things low profile I wanted to use the right angle side on-board.
    Strangely the ones supplied are the DVD type so point in on each other if you try and strangely enough Kenable did come to the rescue with x4 black 6gbs good quality and prob still cheapest.

    I am really digging the the RockPi4 because of its form factor, but also the implementation of USB-C PD as sod those little wall chargers  I have a 60watt 12v CCTV type 5.5mm barrel connector and a USB-C adapter.
    There is an absolute plethora of 5.5mm barrel connectors and splutters and they are a much better power connector but also it gives me a 12 rail.
    I have one of those 5 to 4 pin molex daisy chain sata power cables you often see and the 4 pin molex is snipped off as it uses a 5.5mm barrel with terminal for the 2 12v wires and there is a tiny fixed voltage 3.0 amp buck for the 5V.
    I really like that arrangement as it takes no GPIO and also power draw is isolated from the board as separate rails.

    There are a lot of RK3399 alternatives that prob all benefit from that Google / Rockchip partnership, that as a package I have started to quite appreciate. 
    I didn't at first had the Pine Rockpro64 after a long trial of Pi alternatives when it was an early arrival I had a tantrum about custom images and kernels where nothing works and got rid.
    I have been wishing for a long while being English that Raspberry would up the ante and set a new precident for the application SoC but with the arrival of the Pi4 I have given up on that ever happening.

    Because they are so cheap 3.5" 5 bay drive cage I can fit x4 3.5" and also 3.5" 1tb are much easier to source 2nd user at approx £10-15 +p&p.

     
  14. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    Cheers Jens .
     
    The rk3399 is pcie2.1x4 the Marvel 9235 is x2 so 2 lanes and can not find a x4 card in m.2, presume there is the silicon but doesn't seem to be available.

    This was just a suck and see as was expecting to max out the rk3399 & Marvel 9235 but prob could cope with a faster SSD array.
    I am not going to use SSD but it gives me a datum on bandwidth available and if RAID prob would use RAID 10.
    But guess its what you are going to do as many may just want a media store and redundancy might not even be key.

    The rk3399 with straight Samba and gain no optimisation is providing > 100MBs ethernet approx 110MBS seems the normal steady max which is prob near best 1gbe will do.

    I haven't got a switch that can do lacp, but sort of pointless as generally somewhere there will be a 1gbe bottleneck somewhere, but for curiosity I was wondering about using the USB3.0 for ethernet aggregation. 

    There are some tricks with cpu affinity, I could try clocking the rk3399 nearer to 2.ghz/1.6ghz big/little again for curiosity as it is, its more than enough for 1gbe. 

    ZFS seems to be getting quite popular might also give it a go, loving OpenMediaVault such an excellent NAS and really a full blown micro server with the plugins it has.
  15. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    Hi I am just doing some tests on a rockpi4b-2gb with a marvell 9235 sata controller and 4x Integral p5 120gb ssds.

    Purely out of interest as was expecting the card to bottleneck, but generally thought push it to the max and see how things go.

    I am just running on the default Radxa   Debian-stretch-4.4 using mdadm for a start.

    Looking for benchmark mark tips & tricks and what I should be outputting, so we can have a look for curiosity sake.

    Currently syncing a Raid10
     
    rock@rockpi4:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid0] [raid10] md0 : active raid10 sdd[3] sdc[2] sdb[1] sda[0]       234309632 blocks super 1.2 512K chunks 2 near-copies [4/4] [UUUU]       [===========>.........]  resync = 55.4% (129931520/234309632) finish=8.5min speed=202624K/sec       bitmap: 2/2 pages [8KB], 65536KB chunk  
    Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.172062] md0: detected capacity change from 479866126336 to 0 Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.172628] md: md0 stopped. Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.173397] md: unbind<sda> Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.190852] md: export_rdev(sda) Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.191282] md: unbind<sdd> Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.206849] md: export_rdev(sdd) Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.207325] md: unbind<sdb> Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 udisksd[565]: Unable to resolve /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/dev-sdb/block symlink Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.239056] md: export_rdev(sdb) Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.239439] md: unbind<sdc> Jul 4 13:46:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 75.254837] md: export_rdev(sdc) Jul 4 13:47:12 rockpi4 kernel: [ 102.258308] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 13:47:12 rockpi4 kernel: [ 102.288150] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.300017] md: bind<sda> Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.308923] md: bind<sdb> Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.319055] md: bind<sdc> Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.320188] md: bind<sdd> Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.326830] md/raid0:md0: md_size is 937238528 sectors. Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.327314] md: RAID0 configuration for md0 - 1 zone Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.327759] md: zone0=[sda/sdb/sdc/sdd] Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.328165] zone-offset= 0KB, device-offset= 0KB, size= 468619264KB Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.328937] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.329369] Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 kernel: [ 159.330145] md0: detected capacity change from 0 to 479866126336 Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 udisksd[565]: Error creating watch for file /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/sync_action: No such file or directory (g-file-error-quark, 4) Jul 4 13:48:09 rockpi4 udisksd[565]: Error creating watch for file /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/degraded: No such file or directory (g-file-error-quark, 4) Jul 4 13:49:40 rockpi4 kernel: [ 250.355809] EXT4-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null) Jul 4 13:55:31 rockpi4 kernel: [ 601.335494] panel disable Jul 4 14:02:26 rockpi4 anacron[1047]: Anacron 2.3 started on 2019-07-04 Jul 4 14:02:26 rockpi4 anacron[1047]: Normal exit (0 jobs run) Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.309314] md0: detected capacity change from 479866126336 to 0 Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.309886] md: md0 stopped. Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.310176] md: unbind<sdd> Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.327147] md: export_rdev(sdd) Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.327821] md: unbind<sdc> Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.350959] md: export_rdev(sdc) Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.351512] md: unbind<sdb> Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 udisksd[565]: Unable to resolve /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/dev-sdb/block symlink Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.366971] md: export_rdev(sdb) Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.367513] md: unbind<sda> Jul 4 14:02:59 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1049.383124] md: export_rdev(sda) Jul 4 14:03:21 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1071.066678] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 14:03:21 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1071.092394] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.551804] md: bind<sda> Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.552267] sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.552547] md: bind<sdb> Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.553780] md: bind<sdc> Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.554266] md: bind<sdd> Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.570556] md: raid10 personality registered for level 10 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.573138] md/raid10:md0: not clean -- starting background reconstruction Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.573765] md/raid10:md0: active with 4 out of 4 devices Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.575635] created bitmap (2 pages) for device md0 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.578102] md0: bitmap initialized from disk: read 1 pages, set 3576 of 3576 bits Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.581797] md0: detected capacity change from 0 to 239933063168 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.583297] md: md0 switched to read-write mode. Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.588652] md: resync of RAID array md0 Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.589019] md: minimum _guaranteed_ speed: 1000 KB/sec/disk. Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.589541] md: using maximum available idle IO bandwidth (but not more than 200000 KB/sec) for resync. Jul 4 14:05:23 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1193.590381] md: using 128k window, over a total of 234309632k. Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.292473] md: md0: resync done. Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.452970] RAID10 conf printout: Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.452989] --- wd:4 rd:4 Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.452998] disk 0, wo:0, o:1, dev:sda Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.453005] disk 1, wo:0, o:1, dev:sdb Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.453012] disk 2, wo:0, o:1, dev:sdc Jul 4 14:25:02 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2372.453019] disk 3, wo:0, o:1, dev:sdd Jul 4 14:30:45 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2715.470782] EXT4-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)  
    Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2 Output is in kBytes/sec Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds. Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes. Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes. File stride size set to 17 * record size. random random bkwd record stride kB reclen write rewrite read reread read write read rewrite read fwrite frewrite fread freread 102400 4 20355 28533 43513 44568 22556 28612 102400 16 60835 71891 111520 107540 66074 71640 102400 512 149988 129385 253123 263113 211684 131649 102400 1024 161360 164943 274007 275765 253893 165764 102400 16384 181646 182851 338294 347395 342601 176768
    *************************************************************************************************
    RAID5
     
    rock@rockpi4:~$ sudo mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=5 --raid-devices=4 /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd mdadm: layout defaults to left-symmetric mdadm: layout defaults to left-symmetric mdadm: chunk size defaults to 512K mdadm: /dev/sdc appears to be part of a raid array:        level=raid0 devices=0 ctime=Thu Jan  1 00:00:00 1970 mdadm: partition table exists on /dev/sdc but will be lost or        meaningless after creating array mdadm: size set to 117154816K mdadm: automatically enabling write-intent bitmap on large array Continue creating array? y mdadm: Defaulting to version 1.2 metadata mdadm: array /dev/md0 started. rock@rockpi4:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] md0 : active raid5 sdd[4] sdc[2] sdb[1] sda[0]       351464448 blocks super 1.2 level 5, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [4/3] [UUU_]       [>....................]  recovery =  1.6% (1898560/117154816) finish=19.2min speed=99924K/sec       bitmap: 0/1 pages [0KB], 65536KB chunk  
    Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.913061] md: bind<sda> Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.913784] md: bind<sdb> Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.914381] md: bind<sdc> Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.914971] md: bind<sdd> Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.920396]  sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.929530] async_tx: api initialized (async) Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.952339] md: raid6 personality registered for level 6 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.952833] md: raid5 personality registered for level 5 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.953316] md: raid4 personality registered for level 4 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.959926] md/raid:md0: device sdc operational as raid disk 2 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.960484] md/raid:md0: device sdb operational as raid disk 1 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.961025] md/raid:md0: device sda operational as raid disk 0 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.962943] md/raid:md0: allocated 4384kB Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.964488] md/raid:md0: raid level 5 active with 3 out of 4 devices, algorithm 2 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965161] RAID conf printout: Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965169]  --- level:5 rd:4 wd:3 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965177]  disk 0, o:1, dev:sda Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965183]  disk 1, o:1, dev:sdb Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965188]  disk 2, o:1, dev:sdc Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.965603] created bitmap (1 pages) for device md0 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.966746] md0: bitmap initialized from disk: read 1 pages, set 1788 of 1788 bits Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.968765] md0: detected capacity change from 0 to 359899594752 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969465] md: md0 switched to read-write mode. Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969930] RAID conf printout: Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969951]  --- level:5 rd:4 wd:3 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969968]  disk 0, o:1, dev:sda Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969984]  disk 1, o:1, dev:sdb Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.969997]  disk 2, o:1, dev:sdc Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.970009]  disk 3, o:1, dev:sdd Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.980149] md: recovery of RAID array md0 Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.980523] md: minimum _guaranteed_  speed: 1000 KB/sec/disk. Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.981044] md: using maximum available idle IO bandwidth (but not more than 200000 KB/sec) for recovery. Jul  4 14:49:52 rockpi4 kernel: [  491.981894] md: using 128k window, over a total of 117154816k. Jul  4 14:51:41 rockpi4 kernel: [  601.050246] panel disable Jul  4 15:00:30 rockpi4 anacron[1052]: Anacron 2.3 started on 2019-07-04 Jul  4 15:00:30 rockpi4 anacron[1052]: Normal exit (0 jobs run) Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.287257] md: md0: recovery done. Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567652] RAID conf printout: Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567661]  --- level:5 rd:4 wd:4 Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567666]  disk 0, o:1, dev:sda Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567670]  disk 1, o:1, dev:sdb Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567674]  disk 2, o:1, dev:sdc Jul  4 15:05:53 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1453.567677]  disk 3, o:1, dev:sdd Jul  4 15:07:07 rockpi4 kernel: [ 1527.108599] EXT4-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)  
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4     8159     8947    43789    42643    24543    10212           102400      16    33078    40985    98244    98407    70763    41851           102400     512    52870    53418   212184   202157   203772    50657           102400    1024    66426    69555   250660   250200   249607    69539           102400   16384   108537   112300   326090   324173   320777   106363 **********************************************************************************************************************************
    RAID1
     
    rock@rockpi4:~$ sudo mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda /dev/sdb mdadm: Note: this array has metadata at the start and     may not be suitable as a boot device.  If you plan to     store '/boot' on this device please ensure that     your boot-loader understands md/v1.x metadata, or use     --metadata=0.90 mdadm: size set to 117155264K mdadm: automatically enabling write-intent bitmap on large array Continue creating array? y mdadm: Defaulting to version 1.2 metadata mdadm: array /dev/md0 started. rock@rockpi4:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid1] md0 : active raid1 sdb[1] sda[0]       117155264 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU]       [>....................]  resync =  2.3% (2801408/117155264) finish=8.8min speed=215492K/sec       bitmap: 1/1 pages [4KB], 65536KB chunk unused devices: <none> Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.757953] md: bind<sda> Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.759742] md: bind<sdb> Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.772561] md: raid1 personality registered for level 1 Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.783910] md/raid1:md0: not clean -- starting background reconstruction Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.784534] md/raid1:md0: active with 2 out of 2 mirrors Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.785261] created bitmap (1 pages) for device md0 Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.787956] md0: bitmap initialized from disk: read 1 pages, set 1788 of 1788 bits Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.790798] md0: detected capacity change from 0 to 119966990336 Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.791556] md: md0 switched to read-write mode. Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.794162] md: resync of RAID array md0 Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.794546] md: minimum _guaranteed_  speed: 1000 KB/sec/disk. Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.795124] md: using maximum available idle IO bandwidth (but not more than 200000 KB/sec) for resync. Jul  4 15:20:25 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2324.795964] md: using 128k window, over a total of 117155264k. Jul  4 15:30:14 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2913.737079] md: md0: resync done. Jul  4 15:30:14 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2913.745998] RAID1 conf printout: Jul  4 15:30:14 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2913.746016]  --- wd:2 rd:2 Jul  4 15:30:14 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2913.746027]  disk 0, wo:0, o:1, dev:sda Jul  4 15:30:14 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2913.746035]  disk 1, wo:0, o:1, dev:sdb Jul  4 15:31:19 rockpi4 kernel: [ 2978.675630] EXT4-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)         Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    24759    31559    39765    41196    25476    30710           102400      16    62662    73245   124756   125744    62209    72778           102400     512   139397   160038   260433   261606   218154   147652           102400    1024   165815   155189   258119   261744   232643   164702           102400   16384   172905   186702   318211   322998   321997   170680 ******************************************************************************8
    RAID0

     
    rock@rockpi4:~$ sudo mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=0 --raid-devices=4 /dev/sda /dev/sdb  /dev/sdc /dev/sdd mdadm: chunk size defaults to 512K mdadm: /dev/sdc appears to be part of a raid array:        level=raid0 devices=0 ctime=Thu Jan  1 00:00:00 1970 mdadm: partition table exists on /dev/sdc but will be lost or        meaningless after creating array Continue creating array? y mdadm: Defaulting to version 1.2 metadata mdadm: array /dev/md0 started. rock@rockpi4:~$ cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid1] [raid0] md0 : active raid0 sdd[3] sdc[2] sdb[1] sda[0]       468619264 blocks super 1.2 512k chunks unused devices: <none> Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.084442] md: bind<sda> Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.085523] md: bind<sdb> Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.086511] md: bind<sdc> Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.087930] md: bind<sdd> Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.101830] md: raid0 personality registered for level 0 Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.101836]  sdc: sdc1 sdc2 Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.107953] md/raid0:md0: md_size is 937238528 sectors. Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.108427] md: RAID0 configuration for md0 - 1 zone Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.108866] md: zone0=[sda/sdb/sdc/sdd] Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.109261]       zone-offset=         0KB, device-offset=         0KB, size= 468619264KB Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.109973]  Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3415.110235] md0: detected capacity change from 0 to 479866126336 Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 udisksd[572]: Error creating watch for file /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/sync_action: No such file or directory (g-file-error-quark, 4) Jul  4 15:38:35 rockpi4 udisksd[572]: Error creating watch for file /sys/devices/virtual/block/md0/md/degraded: No such file or directory (g-file-error-quark, 4) Jul  4 15:41:08 rockpi4 kernel: [ 3568.278677] EXT4-fs (md0): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    31874    42784    44859    48796    26191    42465           102400      16    89104   112188   110570   114486    77652   111816           102400     512   248787   259180   258800   270097   227197   229707           102400    1024   309271   324243   293455   293122   268819   286143           102400   16384   373574   382208   324869   326204   326070   380622 Concurrent single disks
     
            Command line used: iozone -l 4 -u 4 -r 16k -s 512M -F /home/rock/sda/tmp1 /home/rock/sdb/tmp2 /home/rock/sdc/tmp3 /home/rock/sdd/tmp4         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.         Min process = 4         Max process = 4         Throughput test with 4 processes         Each process writes a 524288 kByte file in 16 kByte records         Children see throughput for  4 initial writers  =  468982.85 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 initial writers   =  391562.16 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  115979.48 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  118095.79 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  117245.71 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  513488.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 rewriters        =  448753.70 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 rewriters         =  378103.46 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  108174.91 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  119841.15 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  112188.42 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  472992.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 readers          =  319857.60 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 readers           =  319587.93 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   78386.40 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =   81170.33 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =   79964.40 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  506336.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 re-readers        =  331737.53 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 re-readers         =  331539.26 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   74617.11 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =   90278.13 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =   82934.38 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  433360.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 reverse readers   =  769042.86 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 reverse readers    =  768023.53 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   43320.77 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  262961.66 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  192260.72 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   86384.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 stride readers    = 1795856.09 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 stride readers     = 1781767.61 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   65569.88 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  920383.50 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  448964.02 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   37360.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 random readers    = 1971409.70 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 random readers     = 1958188.18 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   69869.92 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  861175.75 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  492852.43 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   41904.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 mixed workload    = 1176863.17 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 mixed workload     =  275991.88 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   98414.23 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  606498.81 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  294215.79 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   84304.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 random writers    =  428459.84 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 random writers     =  318774.34 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   96696.56 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  118440.29 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  107114.96 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  428352.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 pwrite writers    =  467800.79 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 pwrite writers     =  381736.33 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  111798.68 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  120814.23 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  116950.20 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  485168.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 pread readers     =  309714.87 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 pread readers      =  309501.91 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   76447.56 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =   79120.13 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =   77428.72 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  506592.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 fwriters         =  442763.85 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 fwriters          =  373418.60 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  107828.45 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  114495.70 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  110690.96 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  524288.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 freaders         =  331765.48 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 freaders          =  325459.39 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   81387.83 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =   86099.32 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =   82941.37 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  524288.00 kB single disk sda
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    36038    45031    52457    52672    27342    44553           102400      16    93224   115531   124822   114115    79868   115219           102400     512   249415   223799   267595   273488   227651   258480           102400    1024   259449   236700   268852   273148   242803   266988           102400   16384   313281   317096   324922   325600   319687   267843 single disk sdb
     
           Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    33918    45021    52628    52655    27404    44621           102400      16   100152   106531   127148   115452    76579   113503           102400     512   251035   259812   272338   273634   227332   225607           102400    1024   260791   268019   273578   276074   241042   268323           102400   16384   267448   316877   323467   324679   319983   316710 single disk sdc
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    36074    44819    52358    52592    23334    44073           102400      16    92510   114568   127346   126830    72293   112819           102400     512   220032   260191   271136   274745   225818   258574           102400    1024   258895   228236   270047   271946   239184   267370           102400   16384   312151   316425   318919   323689   317570   268308 single disk sdd
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    36100    44939    52756    52768    27569    42697           102400      16   100207   111073   127120   118992    76555   105342           102400     512   248869   259052   271718   272745   227450   258252           102400    1024   226653   266979   262772   265104   236617   266018           102400   16384   314211   269062   322937   325634   320150   315470
     

     
  16. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Stuart Naylor in Software RAID testing Rockpi4 Marvell 4 port sata   
    Forgot to set the RockPi4 to pcie2 doh!

     
    Also if you are a plonker and forget to edit  `/boot/hw_intfc.conf` from `#intfc:dtoverlay=pcie-gen2` to `intfc:dtoverlay=pcie-gen2` you will be running on pcie-gen1
    RAID 10
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    11719    15447    55220    53720    25421    12773           102400      16    39410    54840   139482   145128    81258    43792           102400     512   228002   220126   334104   339660   265930   225507           102400    1024   244376   243730   451377   462467   397566   258481           102400   16384   270088   304411   597462   610057   615669   297855

    RAID 5
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4     6133     6251    47505    46013    25046     8190           102400      16    17103    17134   113272   133606    79753    20420           102400     512    61418    50852   241860   246467   244030    58031           102400    1024    79325    73325   363343   359830   361882    83655           102400   16384   127548   124702   625256   642094   650407   136680

    RAID 1
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    23713    29698    45608    45983    23657    30381           102400      16    79205    82546   138060   144557    82126    93921           102400     512   212859   221943   307613   304036   259783   179355           102400    1024   235985   243783   366101   369935   317354   198861           102400   16384   289036   290279   410520   398875   399868   295329

    RAID 0
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    33519    47927    52701    51023    26700    46382           102400      16   105763   132604   138080   155514    87026   135111           102400     512   276220   320320   311343   294629   267624   335363           102400    1024   493565   522038   463105   470833   398584   522560           102400   16384   687516   701200   625733   623531   555318   681535 4 individual disks conurrent

     
            Command line used: iozone -l 4 -u 4 -r 16k -s 512M -F /srv/dev-disk-by-label-sda/tmp1 /srv/dev-disk-by-label-sdb/tmp2 /srv/dev-disk-by-label-sdc/tmp3 /srv/dev-disk-by-label-sdd/tmp4         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.         Min process = 4         Max process = 4         Throughput test with 4 processes         Each process writes a 524288 kByte file in 16 kByte records         Children see throughput for  4 initial writers  =  884590.91 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 initial writers   =  701620.17 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  195561.27 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  234457.59 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  221147.73 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  437344.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 rewriters        =  822771.77 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 rewriters         =  701488.29 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  180381.25 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  232223.50 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  205692.94 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  408720.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 readers          =  755252.30 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 readers           =  753357.02 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  169105.11 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  198976.81 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  188813.07 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  445664.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 re-readers        =  753492.39 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 re-readers         =  750353.64 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  160626.64 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  201223.11 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  188373.10 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  418528.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 reverse readers   =  780261.86 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 reverse readers    =  778761.55 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   58371.02 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  254657.08 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  195065.47 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  120192.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 stride readers    =  317923.62 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 stride readers     =  316905.36 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   63171.63 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =   98114.27 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =   79480.91 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  337600.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 random readers    =  798898.78 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 random readers     =  794905.95 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   57059.89 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  391248.59 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  199724.70 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   76480.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 mixed workload    =  647158.06 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 mixed workload     =  491223.65 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =   28319.04 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  305288.75 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  161789.51 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =   48720.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 random writers    =  734947.98 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 random writers     =  544531.66 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  167241.00 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  207134.38 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  183737.00 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  424704.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 pwrite writers    =  879712.72 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 pwrite writers     =  686621.58 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  186624.69 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  236047.30 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  219928.18 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  415856.00 kB         Children see throughput for 4 pread readers     =  777243.34 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for 4 pread readers      =  773302.81 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  184983.08 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  203392.77 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  194310.84 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  476896.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 fwriters         =  820877.50 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 fwriters          =  693823.17 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  194228.28 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  217311.28 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  205219.38 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  524288.00 kB         Children see throughput for  4 freaders         = 1924029.62 kB/sec         Parent sees throughput for  4 freaders          = 1071393.99 kB/sec         Min throughput per process                      =  268087.50 kB/sec         Max throughput per process                      =  970331.94 kB/sec         Avg throughput per process                      =  481007.41 kB/sec         Min xfer                                        =  524288.00 kB Single disk sda reference
     
            Command line used: iozone -e -I -a -s 100M -r 4k -r 16k -r 512k -r 1024k -r 16384k -i 0 -i 1 -i 2         Output is in kBytes/sec         Time Resolution = 0.000001 seconds.         Processor cache size set to 1024 kBytes.         Processor cache line size set to 32 bytes.         File stride size set to 17 * record size.                                                               random    random     bkwd    record    stride               kB  reclen    write  rewrite    read    reread    read     write     read   rewrite      read   fwrite frewrite    fread  freread           102400       4    35191    45728    56689    53307    27889    48508           102400      16   104379   122405   154385   157484    88670   113964           102400     512   315788   347042   351932   348604   271399   288430           102400    1024   358399   366194   388893   379453   338470   369888           102400   16384   353154   443256   425396   422384   410580   444530
     
  17. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to jock in Raspberry Pi 4 Released - From $35 USD   
    Ignoring support and documentation from the board manifacturer, GPIO pins and peripheral buses access, expandability, warranty, construction and international safety certifications... Looking just at the basic horsepower, tell us what tv box can you buy that provides 4 out-of-order A72 cores for 35$?
  18. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Igor in Raspberry Pi 4 Released - From $35 USD   
    Without PD, voltage is fixed to 5V and current up to 3A ... which is tight.

     
  19. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to TonyMac32 in Raspberry Pi 4 Released - From $35 USD   
    - 4 big cores on 28 nm, see the Tinker Board for a lesson in cooling that form factor.  (the Pi seems oddly underclocked, if I'm being honest, a 3288 will go 1.8 GHz, @wtarreau will tell you 2.0+)
     
    - As far as USB3/Gb, the tunnel-vision Pi people would have seen an insane improvement with just 4x USB2 on their own channels and a 100 Mb PHY.  So yes, they are going to think they're lighting the world on fire performance wise.
     
    - That USB-C does not appear to be intelligent PD type, so I'd be interested to see when people use smart supplies with it, if it will run on the 500 mA they'll probably limit to.  (correct me if I've gotten it mixed up)
     
    It looks more interesting than the Pi 3, I bought a few 3's and have since let them rot.  I still used a 2 until recently for music.
  20. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to chwe in Raspberry Pi 4 Released - From $35 USD   
    FYI:
     
    asked about ext4 support for boot to get rid off the FAT partition:
    https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=63&t=243890&p=1487617#p1487617
    seems not of importance for them..
     
    some charger issues:
    https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=63&t=244146
    and a nice link provided there:
    https://www.scorpia.co.uk/2019/06/28/pi4-not-working-with-some-chargers-or-why-you-need-two-cc-resistors/
    as with more or less every boardmaker, things are not mature in the beginnings.. But at least some of the flaws will likely be fixed over time..
     
     
     
  21. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to odoll in espressobin: Update to 5.85 results in kernel panic   
    OT: when the PSUs of my SheevaPlugs started to fail I "swore" myself not buy any other device from Globalscale in the future, but even though I did it again ...
  22. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to odoll in espressobin: Update to 5.85 results in kernel panic   
    I know it's not you to blame, but it's again disappointing with a GlobalScale product, which I bought as *up* to 1.2 GHz, just to find, that it's not even good enough to scale down to 1000/800, but even down to 800/800 to get a stable service.
  23. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to glaucioklipel in espressobin: Update to 5.85 results in kernel panic   
    Solved, got in UART mode and flashed the correct image.
  24. Like
    Jens Bauer reacted to Igor in Espressobin support development efforts   
    Done.
  25. Like
    Jens Bauer got a reaction from AndrewDB in Le Potato Serial Getty on ttys0 starts, stops restarts   
    For anyone coming across this: Removing the symlink didn't work for me on Espressobin, but the following did:
    systemctl stop serial-getty@ttyS0.service